A Protracted Refugee Situation
As of July 2018, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) estimated that there are over 446,000 refugees and asylum seekers in Chad. About 75% of Chad refugees have come from Sudan, originally fleeing violence in the Darfur region that started in 2003. Others have come from the Central African Republic after civil war outbreaks in 2013 and 2017. Yet others are from Nigeria, where The Islamic State of the West African Province, more commonly known as Boko Haram, has been killing killed tens of thousands, displacing millions of people, damaging the country’s economy, and devastating thousands of communities.
To read the most recent Fact Sheet from the UNHCR on the situation in Chad click below.
The Darfur conflict in Sudan eventually led in 2011 to the division of the Republic of Sudan into two separate countries: the Republic of Sudan and the Republic of South Sudan. Despite the divide, there is ongoing conflict in the region, particularly in South Sudan, resulting in a humanitarian crisis displacing many persons with little hope for repatriation. Many of the Sudanese refugees in Chad have been there for 15 years or more. Returning refugees risk persecution, including torture, arbitrary incarceration and denial of humanitarian assistance. The humanitarian community has begun to transition their efforts from emergency protection to ensuring the self-reliance of refugees and integration into the local community.